初一英语定语从句*题

发布时间:2021-12-08 22:20:39

  (一)基础:引导词---who, which, that, whom,

  练*1.I like cities___________are quiet and clean. 2.I prefer students _________are hard- working.

  3.I hate TV shows _________ are noisy and boring.4.The music __________ is gentle and quiet attracts me a lot.

  5.The food __________tastes delicious is not always healthy.

  6.Those boys ___________ are playing basketballs over there are from Class Fifteen.

  7.The books ____________ are written by Lu Xun are worth reading.

  8.The town ___we visited last week is much larger than before.9.The book ___ he bought is very interesting.

  (二)特例:只用that的情况

  1先行词被___________或___________所修饰,或本身是______________________时,只能用 that,

  2.被修饰的先行词为 ________________________________________________等不定代词时, 只能用 that.

  3.先行词被 _____________________________________________等词修饰时,只能用 that,而不用 which。

  4.先行词里同时含有______________________,如I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.

  5. 以______________________引导的特殊疑问句,只能用that.如: Who is the girl that is crying?

  练*1. I am interested in everything___ is about the 2006 World Cup.

  2. Is there anything___I can do for you? 3. This is the very bike ______I lost

  4.To my surprise, he gave me nothing __ I need. 5.This is the best dictionary __ I have ever used.

  6. He was the first person _______passed the exam.

  7.He talked happily about the men and books________interested him greatly.

  (三)whose

  1. The student ______father works in the factory is sitting there.

  2. I like the rooms ______windows face south.3. This is the desk ______legs were broken.

  4The woman ___ umbrella you took is angry about it.5.Here comes a girl ___ handwriting is the best .

  6The banana __skin is green can’t be eaten.7That tall tree _ leaves are yellow is very old.

  (四)从句谓语单复数由先行词确定,时态由从句时间状语决定,不必跟主句保持一致。

  1-He is one of the boys who ____ ***doesn’t, don’t*** finish doing homework.

  2-I like films which ____***be*** exciting and interesting.

  3-Children who often ____***eat*** junk food are easy to become fat and unhealthy.

  4-That boy who _____***run*** fastest is from our class.

  5Those boys who ____ playing the guitar are from our school. ***be***

  6The trees which _____ ***be*** watered yesterday belong to them. 7The man who ____ over there is our teacher.***stand*** 8Those boys who ____ playing the guitar are from our school. ***be***

  9Mr. Brown is one of the foreign experts _______ _________ ***work*** in China.

  10I’m one of the boys ______ ________***like*** English best.

  ***五***“介词+关系代词”注意: 介词的选用要考虑:

  A.与先行词的搭配关系

  1)I will never forget the day __________ I joined the army.

  2*** I will never forget the days ______ I worked here.

  3*** I will never forget the year ____________ my son went to college.

  B. 与谓语动词的.搭配*惯

  1)Have you found the book ________I paid 29 dollars?

  2)Have you found the book ________I spent 29 dollars?

  3*** Have you found the book _____________we learnt a lot?

  4*** Have you found the book _______she often talks?

  (六)关系副词的用法

  练*:1. It must be a good place ________________we can do a lot of exercise.

  2.This is the village _________________we visited last week.

  3.The house _______ we live in is very big./ The house _______ we live is very big

  4. The woman ___________ talked to you just now is a doctor. The woman ______ you talked to is my sister.

  The woman to ___________ you talked is my sister. 5. This is the hospital ____________ I was born in.

  This is the hospital in _________I was born. This is the hospital____________ I was born.

  综合练*一. 用适当的关系代词或关系副词填空

  1. The boy ______ is wearing the black jacket is very clever.

  2. This is the present ____he gave me for my birthday.3.The man _______ talked to you just now is an engineer.

  4. He talked about the teachers and schools _______ he had visited.

  5. There is nothing in the world ______can frighten him.6. We visited a factory _______makes toys for children.

  7. Is this the place _______ your father once lived 8. I’ll never forget the days _______ I joined the League.

  9The car______my father bought last month is beautiful.10The man______hair is white is his grandfather.

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